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Global Statements Dictionary

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in


SAS word: IN

Dataset option. Ref: PSPPR:Files:Dataset Options. PSPL:Options for SAS Datasets:Dataset Options. SLRD:Data Set Options.

Operator. Ref: PSPPR:Expressions:Operators. PSPL:Constants and Expressions:Operators. SLRD:Operators.

Term: inactive

(in' ak' tiv) adj.

(of a window, menu, etc.) not currently interacting with the user; not active.

SAS word: INBREED

SAS/STAT, SAS/Genetics. Procedure. Pedigree.

SAS word: INCLUDE

Command. Opens text file. Ref: PSPPR:Display Manager.

Global statement/macro statement. Ref: PSPPR:Macro Language. SLRD:Statements.

Alias, INC.

Term: index

(in' deks) n.

1. a number assigned sequentially to one of a set of objects.

2. a structure stored with a SAS data file that lists the locations of observations having each different value of one or more key variables.

3. a variable used as a subscript of an array; index variable.

4. a web page that serves as a starting point in a web site, principally consisting of links to other web pages in the site, or a web site that principally consists of links to other web sites.

v.t.

5. to create an index for or on.

SAS word: INDEX

Dataset option. Ref: PSPPR:Files:Dataset Options. PSPL:Options for SAS Datasets:Indexes. SLRD:Data Set Options.

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Character Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INDEXC

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Character Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

Term: index variable

n.

1. a variable that takes on different values for the repeated executions of a loop. For DO loops, index variables and their values are indicated in the DO statement.

2. a variable used as the subscript of an array.

SAS word: INDEXW

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Character Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INFILE

Data step statement. Ref: PSPPR:Data step statements. PSPL:Text File I/O:Selecting Files and Setting Options. SLRD:Statements.

Term: infinite loop

n.

a loop whose structure has no provision for ending, such as the observation loop.

SAS word: INFMT

Entry type. Numeric informat. Ref: PSPL:Creating Formats and Informats.

SAS word: INFMTC

Entry type. Character informat. Ref: PSPL:Creating Formats and Informats.

SAS word: INFOMAPS

Procedure. Metadata.

Term: informat

(in fo^r' mat) n.

1. a routine that interprets input text values to create data values.

2. a reference to an informat, which may include width and decimal arguments.

3. such a reference used as an attribute of a variable to indicate the default informat for use with the variable.

v.t.

4. to interpret with an informat.

SAS word: INFORMAT

Data/proc step statement. Sets informat attributes of variables. Ref: PSPPR:Data Step Statements; Proc Step Statements. PSPL:Variables and Values:Variables and Attributes. SLRD:Statements.

Term: informat option

n.

an option set for a value informat when it is created in the FORMAT proc.

SAS word: INIT

SCL reserved label.

SAS word: INITCMD

System option. Ref: PSPPR:System Options. PSPL:Execution:Session. SLRD:SAS System Options.

Term: initial

(i ni' shul) adj.

1. at the beginning.

2. in the first character or first few characters of a text value.

3. at the beginning of the execution of a program.

Use the RETAIN statement to set the initial values of data step variables.

n.

4. the first letter of a word, used as an abbreviation.

Term: initialize

(i ni' shul Iz) v.t.&i.

to take any necessary preliminary actions at the beginning of the execution of a program, such as creating files, setting preferences, and providing initial values for variables.

initialization (i ni' shul i zA' shun), n.

Term: initialization option

n.

a system option that can be set only at the beginning of the SAS session.

SAS word: INITSTMT

System option. Ref: PSPPR:System Options. PSPL:Execution:Session. SLRD:SAS System Options.

Term: input

(in' pu^t) n.

1. data from any source used by a program. A program’s input may include data read from files, text entered by the user in text fields, other user actions, and data received from another program.

adj.

2. used as input.

v.t.

3. to use as input; read; interpret.

SAS word: INPUT

Data step statement. Ref: PSPPR:Data step statements. PSPL:Text File I/O:Processing Input Records. SLRD:Statements.

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Informats and Formats:Using Informats and Formats. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INPUTC

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Informats and Formats:Using Informats and Formats. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INPUTN

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Informats and Formats:Using Informats and Formats. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

Term: insertion point

(in sur' shun point') n.

a symbol, usually a blinking vertical bar, located between two characters to indicate the active location in text editing.

Term: install

(in sta^l') v.t.

1. to prepare a piece of equipment for operation in a particular location.

2. to place the files of a software system on a computer in preparation for use.

installation (in' stu lA' shun), n.

Term: installer

(in sta^l' ur) n.

a program that installs software.

Term: instance

(in' stins) n.

1. a specific occurrence or example of something; a member of a class or set.

2. Object-oriented programming. an object considered as the result of a class definition.

Term: instantiate

(in stan' chE At) v.t.

Object-oriented programming. to create an object from (a class definition).

Term: instruction

(in struk' shun) n.

a unit of machine language, executed by a processor as a single action, usually in a single clock cycle.

SAS word: INT

Function. Integer part. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Mathematical Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INTCK

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Time Computation. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

Term: integer

(in' tu jur') n.

1. a number with no fractional part; a whole number or the negative of a whole number.

adj.

2. using only integers.

3. representing integers in binary form, using each bit as a binary digit except for one bit sometimes used as a sign bit.

Term: integrity constraint

(in te' gri ti' kun strAnt') n.

a rule that restricts the data values that can be entered in a SAS data file, stored as a data structure associated with the SAS data file.

Term: Intel

(in tel') n.

a semiconductor manufacturer, maker of the central processors used in most computers since the 1980s.

Term: intellectual property

n.

rights to control the use of specific pieces of information, created by law with respect to designs, expressions, symbols, etc.: includes copyrights, patents, trademarks, trade secrets, etc.

Term: intelligence

(in tel' i jens) n.

an ability to perceive patterns, objects, or situations and to use that information to make decisions and take actions.

We’re in a good position either way [the economy goes], as demand for business-intelligence software continues to be strong. Companies are trying to turn their fortunes by cutting costs, increasing customer retention, and maximizing customer profitability. Business-intelligence software is a critical underpinning of those strategies. [Jim Goodnight, "Long-Range View Pays Off," Information Week, Jan. 27, 2003]

Term: interactive

(in' tur ak' tiv) adj.

(of a program) responding to user actions or input.

interactivity (in' tur ak tiv' i ti), n.

Term: interactive line mode

n.

a user interface style based on the display of sequential lines of text. In interactive line mode, the user indicates actions by typing lines of text, and the program shows the results of those actions by displaying subsequent lines of text.

Also, line mode.

Term: interface

(in' tur fAs) n.

a point of contact; a point of interaction or communication, as between a program and a user, between two programs, or between a computer and a hardware device.

Term: interleave

(in tur' lEv) v.t.&i.

1. to combine (sorted SAS datasets) in a way that uses all the observations of the SAS datasets and maintains the same sorted order. Interleaving is done with the SET and BY statements of the data step.

n.

2. the process or result of interleaving.

Term: Internet

n.

1. the large computer network that connects computer networks around the world.

adj.

2. located or happening on the Internet.

3. operating according to the standards of the Internet.

Term: Internet service provider

n.

a company that operates servers on the Internet and uses them to provide services, especially Internet access and e-mail, to customers.

Term: interoperable

(in' tur op' ur u bul) adj.

able to be used with various other components by means of an agreed or standard interface.

interoperability, n.

Term: interpret

(in tur' prit) v.t.

1. to determine the meaning of; to convert data to a more usable form.

2. to read a program and carry out the actions it indicates.

Term: interpreter

(in tur' prit ur) n.

a program that executes a program written in a particular programming language by a process of reading the program and carrying out the actions it indicates.

SAS word: INTNX

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Time Computation. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INTPOINT

SAS/OR. Procedure. Interior Point.

Term: intranet

(in' tru net') n.

a private network whose operation is based on Internet standards. Intranets often contain web pages for use within a company.

SAS word: INTRR

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. PSPL:Functions and CALL Routines:Other Categories of Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INTZ

Function. Ref: PSPPR:Functions. SLRD:Functions and CALL Routines.

SAS word: INVALIDDATA

System option. Ref: PSPPR:System Options. PSPL:Informats and Formats:Using Informats and Formats. SLRD:SAS System Options.

Term: inverse distribution function

n.

the inverse of a distribution function. The inverse distribution function relates a probability value to a value of the distribution.

Also, probability function.

Term: invoke

(in vOk') n.

to call by name.

invocation, n.


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